King knossi wikipedia. King's ResortKing's Resort - EN | King's. king knossi wiki. Blog; About; Tours; Contact. Der da erlangte durch seine. Jens Heinz Richard Knossalla (* 7. Juli in Malsch), bekannt als Knossi, ist ein deutscher Entertainer. Er erlangte durch seine Teilnahme an verschiedenen. Knossi (bürgerlich Jens Heinz Richard Knossalla, * in Malsch, Karlsruhe) ist ein.
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Deine E-Mail-Adresse wird nicht veröffentlicht. Connect with us. Share Tweet. Thucydides accepted the tradition and added that Minos cleared the sea of pirates, increased the flow of trade and colonised many Aegean islands.
There seem to have been strong Minoan connections with Rhodes, Miletus, and Samos. Cretan influence may be seen in the earliest scripts found in Cyprus.
The main market for Cretan wares was the Cyclades where there was a demand for pottery, especially the stone vases.
It is not known whether the islands were subject to Crete or just trading partners, but there certainly was strong Cretan influence. This also applies to the mainland, because both tradition and archaeology indicate strong links between Crete and Athens.
The main legend here is the Minotaur story wherein Athens was subject to Knossos and paying tribute. The legend concerns a creature living in a labyrinth who was half-man and half-bull.
Bulls are frequently featured on pottery and frescoes found at Knossos, where the intricate layout of the palace might suggest a labyrinth.
One of the most common cult-symbols, often seen on palace walls, is the double-headed axe called the labrys , which is a Carian word for that type of tool or weapon.
At the height of Cretan power around 1, BC, the palaces at Mallia, Phaestus, and Zakro were destroyed along with smaller settlements elsewhere.
Only Knossos remained and it survived until c. At the time of its destruction, it was occupied by Greeks, whose presence is suggested by a new emphasis on weapons and warfare in both art and burial.
Mycenaean-style chamber tombs had been adopted and there was mainland influence on pottery styles. Sir Arthur Evans found the Linear B tablets at Knossos and, although the writing was different from the Linear A ones at Phaestus and elsewhere, he thought they were a development of the first and so called them Linear B.
Despite speculation that Knossos was destroyed by the volcanic eruption on Santorini , it is generally accepted that the cause was human violence following an invasion of Crete by Greeks from the Argolid , most probably Mycenaean.
Knossos was still prosperous at the time of its destruction c. Explanations for its destruction are speculative, but a likely reason is that the Mycenaeans, now prospering on the mainland, decided to remove a rival power.
In Greek mythology, King Minos dwelt in a palace at Knossos. He had Daedalus construct a labyrinth , a very large maze by some connected with the double-bladed axe, or labrys in which to retain his son, the Minotaur.
Daedalus also built a dancing floor for Queen Ariadne. As far as is currently known, it was William Stillman, the American consul who published Kalokairinos' discoveries, who, seeing the sign of the double axe on the massive walls partly uncovered by Kalokairinos, first associated the complex with the labyrinth of legend, calling the ruins "labyrinthine".
The myth of the Minotaur tells that Theseus, a prince from Athens, whose father is an ancient Greek king named Aegeus , the basis for the name of the Greek sea the Aegean Sea , sailed to Crete, where he was forced to fight a terrible creature called the Minotaur.
The Minotaur was a half man, half bull, and was kept in the Labyrinth — a building like a maze — by King Minos, the ruler of Crete.
The king's daughter, Ariadne, fell in love with Theseus. Before he entered the Labyrinth to fight the Minotaur, Ariadne gave him a ball of thread which he unwound as he went into the Labyrinth so that he could find his way back by following it.
Theseus killed the Minotaur, and then he and Ariadne fled from Crete, escaping her angry father. As it turns out, there probably was an association of the word labyrinth , whatever its etymology, with ancient Crete.
The sign of the double axe was used throughout the Mycenaean world as an apotropaic mark : its presence on an object would prevent it from being "killed".
Axes were scratched on many of the stones of the palace. It appears in pottery decoration and is a motif of the Shrine of the Double Axes at the palace, as well as of many shrines throughout Crete and the Aegean.
And finally, it appears in Linear B on Knossos Tablet Gg as da-pu 2 -ri-to-jo po-ti-ni-ja, which probably represents the Mycenaean Greek, Daburinthoio potniai , "to the mistress of the Labyrinth," recording the distribution of one jar of honey.
Fieldwork in revealed that during the early Iron Age, Knossos was rich in imports and was nearly three times larger than indicated by earlier excavations.
Whilst archaeologists had previously believed that the city had declined in the wake of a socio-political collapse around 1, BC, the work found instead, that the city had prospered, with its final abandonment coming later.
After the fall of the Minoans, Knossus was repopulated approximately 1, BC and it remained one of the most important centers of Crete.
The city had two ports: Amnisos and Heraklion. According to the ancient geographer Strabo the Knossians colonized the city of Brundisium in Italy.
The city employed a Phocian mercenary named Phalaikos against their enemy, the city of Lyttus. In the third century BC Knossos expanded its power to dominate almost the entire island, but during the Lyttian War in BC it was checked by a coalition led by the Polyrrhenians and the Macedonian king Philip V.
Twenty years later, during the Cretan War — BC , the Knossians were once more among Philip's opponents and, through Roman and Rhodian aid, this time they managed to liberate Crete from the Macedonian influence.
Many of them were inscribed with Knosion or Knos on the obverse and an image of a Minotaur or Labyrinth on the reverse. The Romans believed they were the first to colonize Knossos.
In Christian times, Knossos became a titular see , but during the ninth century AD the local population shifted to the new town of Chandax modern Heraklion.
By the thirteenth century, it was called Makruteikhos 'Long Wall'; the bishops of Gortyn continued to call themselves bishops of Knossos until the nineteenth century.
The site of Knossos was discovered in by Minos Kalokairinos. The excavations in Knossos began in by the English archaeologist Sir Arthur Evans — and his team, and continued for 35 years.
Its size far exceeded his original expectations, as did the discovery of two ancient scripts, which he termed Linear A and Linear B , to distinguish their writing from the pictographs also present.
From the layering of the palace Evans developed an archaeological concept of the civilization that used it, which he called Minoan, following the pre-existing custom of labelling all objects from the location Minoan.
Since their discovery, the ruins have undergone a history of their own, from excavation by renowned archaeologists, education, and tourism, to occupation as a headquarters by governments warring over the control of the eastern Mediterranean in two world wars.
This site history is to be distinguished from the ancient. The features of the palace depend on the time period. Currently visible is an accumulation of features over several centuries, the latest most dominant.
Thus, the palace was never exactly as depicted today. In addition, it has been reconstituted in modern materials. Il palazzo di Cnosso era costruito intorno a un cortile in terra battuta dove si esibivano dei ginnasti che volteggiavano sui tori, animale sacro per i cretesi, sfidando la morte come i gladiatori del Colosseo.
Infatti nel mito si dice che il palazzo era stato progettato dall' architetto ateniese Dedalo aiutato dal figlio Icaro mito di Dedalo e Icaro. A Cnosso vi era una fiorita cultura degli affreschi.
I cretesi dipingevano sulle pareti del palazzo di Cnosso opere eccezionali con la classica visione di profilo tipica dell'arte egizia.
Al museo archeologico di Candia sono conservati notevoli affreschi ancora ben conservati che rappresentano scene di giochi con i tori taurocatapsia , processioni, ecc.
I muri erano ricoperti da intonaci affrescati con soggetti marini, combattimenti con tori e motivi geometrici.
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