Jedes Jahr zieht sich die Tenniswelt nach Wimbledon in Südwest London. Zwei Wochen im Sommer dreht sich dann alles um Tennis, Erdbeeren mit Sahne und. Zeitgleich mit der Wimbledon-Absage wurde bekannt, dass die ATP- wie auch die WTA-Tour ihre Pausen vorerst bis zum Juli verlängern. Noch eine Saison ohne Wimbledon? Das macht die Lage so kompliziert · Wimbledon · QUIZ: Kennst Du die Spieler mit den meisten Wimbledon-Titeln?
Wimbledon 2021Zeitgleich mit der Wimbledon-Absage wurde bekannt, dass die ATP- wie auch die WTA-Tour ihre Pausen vorerst bis zum Juli verlängern. Frühere An- bzw. spätere Abreise buchbar. The Lawn No. 1 Court Paket: 2 Übernachtungen inkl. Frühstück im * Hotel, VIP Eintrittskarten Wimbledon für. Als Wimbledon Championships (in der Kurzform auch Wimbledon) wird das älteste und prestigeträchtigste Tennisturnier der Welt bezeichnet. Ab Anfang Juli.
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The manor remained crown property until the reign of Henry VIII when it was granted briefly to Thomas Cromwell , Earl of Essex , until Cromwell was executed in and the land was again confiscated.
The manor was next held by Henry VIII's last wife and widow Catherine Parr until her death in when it again reverted to the monarch.
In the s, Henry's daughter, Mary I , granted the manor to Cardinal Reginald Pole who held it until his death in when it once again become royal property.
Mary's sister, Elizabeth I held the property until when she gave the manor house but not the manor to Christopher Hatton , who sold it in the same year to Sir Thomas Cecil , Earl of Exeter.
The lands of the manor were given to the Cecil family in and a new manor house, Wimbledon Palace , was constructed and gardens laid out in the formal Elizabethan style.
Wimbledon's proximity to the capital was beginning to attract other wealthy families. The Cecil family retained the manor for fifty years, before it was bought by Charles I in for his Queen, Henrietta Maria.
Following the King's execution in , the manor passed rapidly among various parliamentarian owners, including the Leeds MP Adam Baynes and the civil war general John Lambert , but after the restoration of the monarchy in , it was returned to Henrietta Maria now as mother of the new King, Charles II.
The Dowager Queen sold the manor in to George Digby, 2nd Earl of Bristol , who employed John Evelyn to improve and update the landscape in accordance with the latest fashions, including grottos and fountains.
The Osborne family sold the manor to Sir Theodore Janssen in Janssen, a director of the South Sea Company , began a new house to replace the one built by the Cecils, but the spectacular collapse of the company meant it was never finished.
The next owner was Sarah Churchill, Duchess of Marlborough , who increased the land belonging to the manor and completed the construction of a house to replace Jansen's unfinished effort in On her death in , the property passed to her grandson, John Spencer, and subsequently to the first Earl Spencer.
The village continued to grow and the 18th-century introduction of stagecoach services from the Dog and Fox made the journey to London routine, although not without the risk of being held-up by highwaymen , such as Jerry Abershawe on the Portsmouth Road.
The stagecoach horses would be stabled at the rear of the pub in what are now named Wimbledon Village Stables. The manor house burnt down in the s and was replaced in by Wimbledon Park House, built by the second Earl.
At the time the manor estate included Wimbledon Common as a heath and the enclosed parkland around the manor house. Its area corresponded to the modern Wimbledon Park.
The house stood east of St Mary's church. Wimbledon House, a separate residence close to the village at the south end of Parkside near Peek Crescent , was home in the s to the exiled French statesman Vicomte de Calonne , and later to the mother of the writer Frederick Marryat.
Their association with the area is recorded in the names of nearby Calonne and Marryat roads. Directly south of the common, the early 18th-century Warren House Cannizaro House from was home to a series of grand residents.
The first decades of the 19th century were relatively quiet for Wimbledon, with a stable rural population coexisting alongside nobility and wealthy merchants from the city.
For several years Wimbledon Park was leased to the Duke of Somerset , who briefly in the s employed a young Joseph Paxton as one of his gardeners, but in the s the Spencer family sold the park off as building land.
A period of residential development began with large detached houses in the north of the park. In , the Spencers attempted to get parliamentary permission  to enclose the common as a new park with a house and gardens and to sell part for building.
Following an enquiry, permission was refused and a board of conservators was established in to take ownership of the common and preserve it in its natural condition.
In the second half of the century, Wimbledon experienced a very rapid expansion of its population. From under 2, residents recorded in the census , the population grew by a minimum of 60 percent each decade up to , to increase fifteen-fold in fifty years.
Large numbers of villas and terraced houses were built along the roads from the centre towards neighbouring Putney, Merton Park and Raynes Park.
Transport links improved further with railway lines to Croydon Wimbledon and Croydon Railway, opened in and Tooting Tooting, Merton and Wimbledon Railway, opened in The District Railway now the London Underground District line extended its service over new tracks from Putney in The commercial and civic development of the town also accelerated.
Ely's department store opened in and shops began to stretch along Broadway towards Merton. Wimbledon built its first police station in Cultural developments included a Literary Institute by the early s and the opening of Wimbledon Library in The religious needs of the growing population led to an Anglican church-building programme, starting with the rebuilding of St Mary's Church in and the construction of Christ Church and Trinity Church The change of character of Wimbledon from village to small town was recognised under the Local Government Act , which formed Wimbledon Urban District with an elected council.
Wimbledon's population continued to grow in the early 20th century, as was recognised in , when the urban district was incorporated as the Municipal Borough of Wimbledon , with the power to select a Mayor.
By , Wimbledon had established the beginnings of the Wimbledon School of Art at the Gladstone Road Technical Institute and acquired its first cinema and the theatre.
Unusually, the facilities at its opening included Turkish baths. By the s, residential expansion had peaked in Wimbledon and the new focus for local growth had moved to neighbouring Morden , which had remained rural until the arrival of the Underground at Morden station in Wimbledon station was rebuilt by the Southern Railway with a simple Portland stone facade for the opening of a new railway branch line from Wimbledon to Sutton in In , the council built a new red brick and Portland stone Town Hall next to the station, on the corner of Queen's Road and Wimbledon Bridge.
Damage to housing stock in Wimbledon and other parts of London during the Second World War led to a final major building phase when many earlier Victorian houses with large grounds in Wimbledon Park were sub-divided into flats or demolished and replaced with apartment blocks.
Other parts of Wimbledon Park, which had previously escaped being built upon, saw local authority estates constructed by the borough council, to house some of those who had lost their homes.
Initially, the new administrative centre was at Wimbledon Town Hall, but it moved to the storey Crown House in Morden in the early s.
During the s and s, Wimbledon town centre struggled to compete commercially with more developed centres at Kingston and Sutton. Part of the problem was the shortage of locations for large anchor stores to attract customers.
After some years in which the council seemed unable to find a solution, The Centre Court shopping centre was developed on land next to the station, providing a much-needed focus, and opened in A new portico, in keeping with the old work, was designed by Sir George Grenfell-Baines , who had worked on the original designs over fifty years before.
Wimbledon lies in the southwest area of London , south of Wandsworth , west of Mitcham , north of Sutton and east of Kingston upon Thames , on the outskirts of Greater London.
It is 7 miles The area is identified in the London Plan as one of 35 major centres in Greater London. It is considered an affluent suburb with its grand Victorian houses, modern housing and low-rise apartments.
The majority of the adult population of around 68, adults belong to the ABC1 social group. Wimbledon is covered by several wards in the London Borough of Merton, making it difficult to produce statistics for the town as a whole.
At the time the Domesday Book was compiled around , Wimbledon was part of the manor of Mortlake. The manor of Wimbledon changed hands many times during its history.
Wimbledon formed the name of a larger borough of Wimbledon within the county of Surrey. In the businesses in Wimbledon voted to introduce a Business Improvement District.
In the s, at the bottom of the hill on land between the railway line and Worple Road, the All-England Croquet Club had begun to hold its annual championships.
But the popularity of croquet was waning as the new sport of lawn tennis began to spread, and after initially setting aside just one of its lawns for tennis, the club decided to hold its first Lawn Tennis Championship in July By , the popularity of tennis had grown to the extent that the club's small ground could no longer cope with the numbers of spectators and the renamed All England Lawn Tennis and Croquet Club moved to new grounds close to Wimbledon Park.
Wimbledon Village Stables is the oldest recorded riding stables in England. The late Richard Milward MA, a local historian, researched the background of horses in Wimbledon over the years and found that the first recorded stables belonged to the Lord of the Manor, and are detailed in the Estate's accounts of — It offers horse-riding lessons and hacks on Wimbledon Common and in Richmond Park.
In the Rev. Daniel Lysons published The Environs of London: being a historical account of the towns, villages, and hamlets, within twelve miles of that capital in which he wrote: "In the early part of the present century there were annual races upon this common, which had then a King's plate.
In the s, the newly formed National Rifle Association held its first competition on Wimbledon Common. Keep track of everything you watch; tell your friends.
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What's your favourite sport? Each year the tournament begins on the last Monday in June or first Monday in July, two weeks after the Queen's Club Championships , which is one of the men's major warm-up tournaments, together with the Gerry Weber Open , which is held in Halle, Germany , during the same week.
Other grass-court tournaments before Wimbledon are Eastbourne , Great Britain, and Rosmalen in the Netherlands, both combining mixed events.
The other women's warm-up tournament for Wimbledon is Birmingham , also in Great Britain. The men's event which is outside Europe before Wimbledon is the Antalya open in Turkey.
Wimbledon is scheduled for 14 days, beginning on a Monday and ending on a Sunday. Before it ended a day earlier, with the women's singles final on the Friday and the men's singles final on the Saturday.
Traditionally, unlike the other three tennis Grand Slams, there is no play on the "Middle Sunday", which is considered a rest day. However, rain has forced play on the Middle Sunday four times, in , , and On the first of these four occasions, Wimbledon staged a "People's Sunday", with unreserved seating and readily available, inexpensive tickets, allowing those with more limited means to sit on the show courts.
The second Monday at Wimbledon is often called "Manic Monday", because it is the busiest day with the last matches for both men's and women's singles, where fans have a pick of watching on a single day, any of the best 32 players left; which is also unique in a Grand Slam singles competition.
Since , the championships have begun one week later than in previous years, extending the gap between the tournament and the French Open from two to three weeks.
Both the men's and ladies' singles consist of players. Both tournaments have 8 wild card entrants, with the remainder in each made up of qualifiers.
Since the tournament, 32 players have been given seedings in the Gentlemen's and Ladies' singles, 16 teams in the doubles events. The system of seeding was introduced during the Wimbledon Championships.
This was a simplified version allowing countries to nominate four players who were placed in different quarters of the draw.
This system was replaced for the Wimbledon Championships and from then on players were seeded on merit.
The first players to be seeded as no. The Committee of Management decide which players receive wildcards. Usually, wild cards are players who have performed well during previous tournaments or would stimulate public interest in Wimbledon by participating.
Players and pairs who neither have high enough rankings nor receive wild cards may participate in a qualifying tournament held one week before Wimbledon at the Bank of England Sports Ground in Roehampton.
The singles qualifying competitions are three-round events. From singles qualification will increase to players and no doubles qualification will occur.
There is no qualifying tournament for Mixed Doubles. Players are admitted to the junior tournaments upon the recommendations of their national tennis associations, on their International Tennis Federation world rankings and, in the case of the singles events, on the basis of a qualifying competition.
The Committee of Management determines which players may enter the four invitational events. The Committee seeds the top players and pairs on the basis of their rankings, but it can change the seedings based on a player's previous grass court performance.
Since a seeding committee has not been required for the Gentlemen's Singles following an agreement with the ATP. In , the title was won by Richard Krajicek , who was originally unseeded ranked 17th, and only 16 players were seeded but was promoted to a seeded position still with the number 17 when Thomas Muster withdrew before the tournament.
No unseeded player has captured the Ladies' Singles title; the lowest seeded female champion was Venus Williams , who won in as the 23rd seed; Williams was returning from an injury that had prevented her playing in previous tournaments, giving her a lower ranking than she would normally have had.
Unseeded pairs have won the doubles titles on numerous occasions; the Gentlemen's Doubles champions were not only unseeded, but also for the first time ever qualifiers.
The change was made to improve durability and strengthen the sward to better withstand the increasing wear of the modern game.
The main show courts, Centre Court and No. The remaining 17 courts are regularly used for other events hosted by the club.
The show courts were in action for the second time in three months in as Wimbledon hosted the tennis events of the Olympic Games. One of the show courts is also used for home ties of the GB teams in the Davis Cup on occasions.
Wimbledon is the only Grand Slam event played on grass courts. At one time, all the Majors, except the French Open, were played on grass.
The US Open abandoned grass in for green clay and the Australian Open did so in for hard courts ; the US Open eventually would adopt hard courts as well.
From to , Club's grounds were situated on four acres of meadowland between Worple Road and the railway line.
In , the venue hosted the tennis events for the Summer Olympic Games. After moving to a new place, the old ground then became the Girls' High School playing field.
This new venue was larger and was needed to meet the ever-growing public demand. Due to the possibility of rain during Wimbledon, a retractable roof was installed prior to the Championship.
The first full match played and completed under the roof featured Andy Murray and Stan Wawrinka , played on the same date. The court has a capacity of 15, At its south end is the Royal Box, from which members of the Royal Family and other dignitaries watch matches.
Centre Court usually hosts the finals and semifinals of the main events, as well as many matches in the earlier rounds involving top-seeded players or local favourites.
The second most important court is No. The court was constructed in to replace the old No. The old No. The court was said to have had a unique, more intimate atmosphere and was a favourite of many players.
Construction of a new retractable roof on the No. The capacity of the stadium also rose by to 12, Since , a new No.
To obtain planning permission , the playing surface is around 3. In a new No. Because of the summer climate in southern England, Wimbledon employs 'Court Attendants' each year, who work to maintain court conditions.
Their principal responsibility is to ensure that the courts are quickly covered when it begins to rain, so that play can resume as quickly as possible once the referees decide to uncover the courts.
The court attendants are mainly university students working to make summer money. Centre Court is covered by full-time groundstaff, however.
At the northern end of the grounds is a giant television screen on which important matches are broadcast. Fans watch from an area of grass officially known as the Aorangi Terrace.
When British players do well at Wimbledon, the hill attracts fans for them, and is often renamed after them by the press: Greg Rusedski 's followers convened at "Rusedski Ridge", and Tim Henman has had the hill nicknamed Henman Hill.
As both of them have now retired and Andy Murray is the number 1 British player, the hill is occasionally referred to as "Murray Mound" or " Murrayfield ", as a reference to his Scottish heritage and the Scottish rugby ground of the same name, but this has largely failed to catch on — the area is still usually referred to as Henman Hill.
None of these nicknames are official. The qualifying matches, prior to the main draw, take place at the Bank of England Sports Ground , in Roehampton , 3.
Social commentator Ellis Cashmore describes Wimbledon as having "a David Niven -ish propriety", in trying to conform to the standards of behaviour regarded as common in the s.
Writer Peter York sees the event as representing a particular white, upper middle class, affluent type of Britishness, describing the area of Wimbledon as "a southern, well off, late-Victorian suburb with a particular social character".
Cashmore has criticised the event for being "remote and insulated" from the changing multicultural character of modern Britain, describing it as "nobody's idea of all-things-British".
In the championship games, ball boys and girls, known as BBGs, play a crucial role in the smooth running of the tournament, with a brief that a good BBG "should not be seen.
They should blend into the background and get on with their jobs quietly. From ball boys were recruited from Goldings,  the only Barnardos school to provide them.
Prior to this, from the s onwards, the ball boys came from The Shaftesbury Children's Home. Since , BBGs have been drawn from local schools.
This was possibly owing to their proximity to the club. Since they have been drawn from schools in the London boroughs of Merton , Sutton , Kingston , and Wandsworth , as well as from Surrey.
Starting in , BBGs work in teams of six, two at the net, four at the corners, and teams rotate one hour on court, one hour off, two hours depending on the court for the day's play.
With the expansion of the number of courts, and lengthening the tennis day, as of , the number of BBGs required is around Starting on the second Wednesday, the number of BBGs is reduced due to the decrease in the number of matches per day, leaving around 80 on the final Sunday.
Each BBG receives a certificate, a can of used balls, a group photograph and a programme when leaving.
Every BBG keeps all of their kit, typically consisting of three or four shirts, two or three shorts or skorts , track suit bottoms and top, twelve pairs of socks, three pairs of wristbands, a hat, water bottle holder, bag and trainers.
Along with this it is seen as a privilege, and a valuable addition to a school leaver's curriculum vitae , showing discipline.
BBG places are split between boys and girls, with girls having been included since , appearing on centre court since Prospective BBGs are first nominated by their school headteacher , to be considered for selection.
To be selected, a candidate must pass written tests on the rules of tennis, and pass fitness, mobility and other suitability tests, against initial preliminary instruction material.
Successful candidates then commence a training phase, starting in February, in which the final BBGs are chosen through continual assessment.
As of , this training intake was The training includes weekly sessions of physical, procedural and theoretical instruction, to ensure that the BBGs are fast, alert, self-confident and adaptable to situations.
As of , early training occurs at the Wimbledon All England Lawn Tennis Club Covered Courts, to the side of the Grounds, and then moves to outside courts 8, 9, 10 the week before the Championships to ensure that BBGs gain a feel of the grass court.
Dark green and purple are the traditional Wimbledon colours. However, all tennis players participating in the tournament are required to wear all-white or at least almost all-white clothing, a long-time tradition at Wimbledon.
Controversy followed Martina Navratilova 's wearing branding for "Kim" cigarettes in Green clothing was worn by the chair umpire, linesmen, ball boys and ball girls until the Championships; however, beginning with the Championships, officials, ball boys and ball girls were dressed in new navy blue- and cream-coloured uniforms from American designer Ralph Lauren.
This marked the first time in the history of the Championships that an outside company was used to design Wimbledon clothing.
By tradition, the "Men's" and "Women's" competitions are referred to as "Gentlemen's" and "Ladies'" competitions at Wimbledon.
The junior competitions are referred to as the "Boys'" and "Girls'" competitions. Prior to , female players were referred to by the title "Miss" or "Mrs.
As dictated by strict rule of etiquette, married female players are referred to by their husbands' names: for example, Chris Evert appeared on scoreboards as "Mrs.
Lloyd" during her marriage to John Lloyd , since "Mrs. X" essentially designates the wife of X. This tradition has continued, at least to some extent.
The title "Mr. The chair umpire will say "Mr. If a match is being played with two competitors of the same surname e. Venus and Serena Williams, Bob and Mike Bryan , the chair umpire will specify to whom they are referring by stating the player's first name and surname during announcements e.
Previously, players bowed or curtsied to members of the royal family seated in the Royal Box upon entering or leaving Centre Court.
Now, players are required to bow or curtsy only if the Prince of Wales or the Queen is present,  as was in practice during the Championships when the Queen was in attendance at Wimbledon on 24 June.
Prior to the Second World War, members of the Brigade of Guards and retired members of the Royal Artillery performed the role of stewards. In the AELTC offered employment to wartime servicemen returning to civilian life during their demobilisation leave.
In London Fire Brigade members joined the ranks of stewards. The AELTC pays a subsistence allowance to servicemen and women working as stewards to defray their accommodation costs for the period of the Championships.
The Service Stewards are not to be confused with the Honorary Stewards. The majority of centre and show court tickets sold to the general public have since been made available by a public ballot that the All England Lawn Tennis and Croquet Club holds at the start of the year.
Successful applicants are selected at random by a computer. Seats and days are allocated randomly and ballot tickets are not transferable.
The All England Club, through its subsidiary The All England Lawn Tennis Ground plc, issues debentures to tennis fans every five years to raise funds for capital expenditure.
Fans who invest thus in the club receive a pair of tickets for every day of the Wimbledon Championships for the five years the investment lasts.
Wimbledon and the French Open are the only Grand Slam tournaments where fans without tickets for play can queue up and still get seats on the three show courts on the day of the match.
From , there is a single queue, allotted about seats for each court. When they join the queue, fans are handed queue cards. To get access to the show courts, fans normally have to queue overnight.
The All-England Club allows overnight queuing and provides toilet and water facilities for campers. Early in the morning when the line moves towards the Grounds, stewards walk along the line and hand out wristbands that are colour-coded to the specific court.
The wrist band and payment is exchanged at the ticket office for the ticket when the grounds open. General admission to the grounds gives access to the outer courts and is possible without queuing overnight.
Queuing for the show courts ends after the quarter finals have been completed. Wimbledon is notable for the longest running sponsorship in sports history due to its association with Slazenger who have supplied all tennis balls for the tournament since Until when its contract ended,  Radio Wimbledon could be heard within a five-mile radius on It operated under a Restricted Service Licence.
Presenters included Sam Lloyd and Ali Barton. Typically they worked alternate four-hour shifts until the end of the last match of the day.
Often they reported from the "Crow's Nest", an elevated building housing the Court 3 and 4 scoreboards which affords views of most of the outside courts.
Regular guests included Sue Mappin. In later years Radio Wimbledon acquired a second low-power FM frequency within the grounds only of Hourly news bulletins and travel using RDS were also broadcast.
Beginning with the tournament , an in-house operation known as Wimbledon Broadcasting Services WBS has served as the official host broadcaster of the tournament, replacing BBC Sport.
This can result in live matches being moved across all 3 channels. The BBC holds the broadcast rights for Wimbledon until One of the most notable British commentators was Dan Maskell , who was known as the BBC's "voice of tennis" until his retirement in John Barrett succeeded him in that role until he retired in The coverage is presented by Sue Barker live and Claire Balding highlights.
Highlights of the rest of the tournament must be provided by terrestrial stations; live coverage excepting the finals may be sought by satellite or cable TV.
The BBC was forced to apologise after many viewers complained about "over-talking" by its commentary team during the TV coverage of the event in It said in a statement that views on commentary were subjective but that they "do appreciate that over-talking can irritate our audience".
The BBC added that it hoped it had achieved "the right balance" across its coverage and was "of course sorry if on occasion you have not been satisfied".